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From the Archive
Jerusalem
January 3, 2018
by Magnum Photographers
Rising out of the aftermath of World War II, the state of Israel was formed in 1947 and was offered the western portion of Jerusalem as its capital, causing resentment among the local Muslim community, who felt that their land was being stolen.
It was not long before Israel entered into open conflict with its Arab neighbors. During the 6-Day War against Egypt, Syria and Jordan, it seized all of Jerusalem as its capital. However, tensions with the Muslim community did not stop and eventually degenerated into the First Intifada following the brutal suppression of protests triggered by the death of 4 Palestinians in a car crash with an IDF truck. The upheaval ended with the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1991. This was followed by several years of calm until 2000, when the Second Intifada broke out. During the uprising, the Israeli built a wall under the pretense of security, although it was denounced as an apartheid wall by the Palestinians. The international community is growing fearful of renewed violence as Hamas called for a third Intifada following U.S. President Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

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