Portfolio - Shifting Sands
Sim Chi Yin
The world is running out of sand. It might seem counterintuitive, but the material that goes into concrete, glass, computer chips and much else we use daily is becoming scarce. Massive worldwide urbanization — particularly in Asia — and land reclamation is driving this shortage.
Sand is already the natural resource we use more of than any other except water and air. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) estimates global consumption at an average of 40 billion tons per year, with almost 30 billion tons used in concrete.
This is an on-going project which began in 2017.