MAO TSE-TUNG (1893-1976).
Collection J.A. Fox
Born in Hunan province, the son of a farmer. He took a leading part in the May Fourth Movement, then became a Marxist & a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party (1921). After the break with the Nationalists in 1927, he evolved the guerilla tactics of the "people's war", and in 1934 led the Communist forces on the Long March to Shaanxi. He increased the political and military power of his party, ousted the regime of CHIAN KAI-SHEK from the Chinese mainland, and proclaimed the new People's Republic of China (1949). In 1958 he launched his Great Leap Forward in rural & agricultural development, and in 1965 the Cultural Revolution.